Almada, Portugal

Located on the south bank of the Tagus River across from Lisbon, Almada is one of 18 municipalities within the Lisbon Metropolitan Region, with 174,030 residents living in an area of 72 km2. The city of Almada is a modern, young and vibrant urban space and its current population of 100,000 is growing due to urban migration.

Not all areas within the Almada region are densely populated. Private car trips originating from these regions exacerbate urban traffic problems, thus the goal is to strengthen public transport in Almada's sparsely populated areas. Almada's Local Sustainable Mobility Strategy aims to:

  • develop a strong, multimodal transport system
  • create good infrastructure for public transport and soft modes
  • introduce new solutions and new technologies
  • inform, promote and raise awareness of sustainable mobility

Download the detailed introduction of Almada and its mobility

Download ex-ante evaluation report

Download ex-post evaluation report

Read article about main findings

Public transport in Almada

According to the 2015 Mobility Inquiry, Almada's modal split is 47 percent car, 31 percent public transport (PT), 5 percent public transport + car, 17 percent pedestrians and 1 percent cycling. However, the recently introduced light rail system, the introduction of pedestrian zones in the city centre, the development of the Almada Cycling Plan and the optimisation of PT-PT and PT-bike intermodality have all helped make Almada's transport system more diverse and competitive.

In parallel, Almada has made efforts to disseminate information and raise awareness among the general public through activities such as European Mobility Week (Almada was the winner of the 2010 European Mobility Week Award); Green Week; public participation forums; projects for schools (through Children’s Agenda 21); and projects co-financed by the EC.

Almada comprises an urban area with a very high population density, and other districts, such as the SmartMove implementation area of Sobreda, with low population densities. In this parish of Almada, which features green areas combined with small residential districts, the bus-based public transport system is infrequent. There are two private bus companies operating in Sobreda, one of which (Sulfertagus) runs one feeder bus line to the public transport interface at the Pragal rail station.

Activities within SmartMove

Within the SmartMove project, a study was carried out to identify the best bus connections to tram lines and the train station. This allowed the SmartMove partner AGENEAL to propose improvements to the bus operator, while campaigning for the use of the bus system as a feeder for the tram and train lines. An AMC campaign was also implemented, focusing on the two public transport feeder bus systems.

Campaign results

The Almada SmartMove campaign reached a total of 1,346 individuals, including those taking part in AMC discussions at their homes and others contacted at public. A survey of participants after the campaign found that:

  • 97% said they received information from the campaign that they were not aware of before;
  • 49% of those who were not public transport users said they felt motivated to reduce the car use; and
  • 13% of participants increased their public transport usage

The increase in public transport use corresponded to a reduction of 148 car trips per week, or a reduction of CO2 emissions of roughly 27 tonnes per year.

Read article about campaign results


Carlos Sousa
Agencia municipal de Energia de Almada Associacao (AGENEAL)
Tel: +351 21 272 23 80